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Young Girl, Nude (Roman Bath), c. 1875

Leopold Museum,
Oil on wood
26.8×16.7 cm


  • Anton Romako

    (Vienna 1832–1889 Vienna)

Unfortunately not on display at the moment

While there was a great demand for nude depictions in the 19th century, Anton Romako’s (1832–1889) oeuvre untypically only comprises this small work of that genre, which he created during his 20-year stay in Italy. Though a singular occurrence in his work, the artist submitted the painting for the annual exhibition of the Vienna Künstlerhaus in 1874 with the title Roman Bath. Executed in a small format on wood, the work shows a nude young girl. Romako painted the body in a dynamic turn, making its individual parts appear almost bent. The monochrome but nuanced background gives the impression of the model floating in the space. Only the upper right corner reveals a decorative capital which spatially anchors the scene and gives the work its title. Romako used the “nymphet” type of figure, which only became omnipresent in art after 1900, and was frequently made the central theme of their art by artists including Egon Schiele (1890–1918) and Oskar Kokoschka (1886–1980).

AS, 2021

Additional Text according to Settlement, June 2011:
« Dr. Oskar Reichel (1869–1943) was a doctor, merchant and art collector. After 1938, he had to give up the painting due to his persecution as a Jew. Rudolf Leopold acquired the work from the art dealer Wolfgang Gurlitt in the early 1950s and contributed it to the Leopold Museum-Privatstiftung in 1994.
Since the work is undoubtedly the property of the Leopold Museum-Privatstiftung, but was apparently seized from Oskar Reichel, it was important to the Leopold Museum to find a joint solution in the sense of a fair and just procedure with the legal successor to Oskar Reichel. »

Object data

  • Anton Romako
Young Girl, Nude (Roman Bath)
c. 1875
Art movement
Naturalism I Realism
Oil on wood
26.8×16.7 cm
Signed and designated lower right: A. Romako a Roma
Credit line
Leopold Museum, Vienna, Inv. 499
Inventory access
Contributed to the Leopold Museum-Privatstiftung in 1994
Selection of Reference works
  • Anton Romako. Beginn der Moderne, hrsg. von Marianne Hussl-Hörmann/Hans-Peter Wipplinger, Köln 2018 (Ausst.-Kat. Leopold Museum, Wien, 06.04.2018–18.06.2018).
  • Anton Romako. Beginn der Moderne, hrsg. von Marianne Hussl-Hörmann/Hans-Peter Wipplinger, Köln 2018 (Ausst.-Kat. Leopold Museum, Wien, 06.04.2018–18.06.2018).
  • Fritz Novotny: Der Maler Anton Romako 1832–1889, Wien/München 1954.
Catalogue raisonne
  • Reiter 2010: 340
  • Novotny 1954: 211

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Provenance research
Leopold Museum i

Auktion: 1900, Samuel Kende, Wien, Nr. 516; (1)
Dr. Oskar Reichel, Wien (vor 1911-bis 07/1938); (2)

Nach dem Juli 1938 gelangte das Bild zu einem unbekannten Zeitpunkt und unter ungeklärten Umständen in die

Neue Galerie, Wien (o.D.); (3)
Wolfgang Gurlitt, Linz (vor 1950); (4)
Neue Galerie Wolfgang-Gurlitt-Museum der Stadt Linz, Linz (1954); (5)
Dr. Rudolf Leopold, Wien (nach 1954-1994); (6)
Leopold Museum-Privatstiftung, Wien (seit 1994).

Restitutionsvergleich mit der Erbin nach Dr. Oskar Reichel im Juni 2011

  1. Cornelia Reiter, Anton Romako. Pionier und Außenseiter der Malerei des 19. Jahrhunderts. Monografie mit Werkverzeichnis, Weitra 2010, S. 191, Nr. 340
  2. Oskar Reichel, Anton Romako, in: Bildende Künstler, Monatsschrift für Künstler und Kunstfreunde, Heft 2, Wien 1911, S. 77; ÖStA, AdR, E.- u. ReAng., VVSt, VA 45.139, Oskar Reichel Schätzungsliste vom 25.06.1938.
  3. Fritz Novotny, Der Maler Anton Romako. 1832–1889, Wien-München 1954, S. 89, WV 211.
  4. Novotny, Romako; Österreichische Galerie, Katalog zur Anton Romako Gedächtnisausstellung, Wien 1950, Abb. 9, S. 16, Nr. 10 “Mädchenakt“; Walter Schuster, Die Sammlung Gurlitt der Neuen Galerie der Stadt Linz, Linz 1999, S. 99-101.
  5. Salzburger Residenzgalerie, Katalog zu „Hans Makart und seine Zeit“, Salzburg 1954, S. 46, Nr. 135 „Mädchenakt“.
  6. Mündliche Auskunft von Dr. Elisabeth Leopold vom 10.12.2009, zitiert nach: Michael Wladika, Dossier Dr. Oskar Reichel vom 21.12.2009, S. 23

For provenance related information, please contact us.