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Federaun in the Gail Valley, c. 1840

Leopold Museum,
Watercolor on paper
27.3×37.8 cm


  • Thomas Ender

    (Vienna 1793–1875 Vienna)

Unfortunately not on display at the moment
The watercolor by Thomas Ender (1793–1875) shows the ruins of the Bambergian castle at the foot of a steep rock wall in Federaun in the Gail Valley on the historically important long-distance trade road from Villach to Tarvis. The sunlit and richly detailed rockface becomes the main motif of the picture, all the more so since the castle and the village lie in the shade and the river is merely suggested with a few colors. The work convinces with its topographically exact representation of the landscape quite in line with the era’s want for scientific documentation of the world and nature. With his delicate brushwork and subtly attuned coloration, the artist, however, also conveys an image of sunny clear-air reality. Commissioned by Archduke John of Austria (1782–1859), Ender documented the Austrian Alpine landscapes and also took part in numerous worldwide expeditions.

Object data

  • Thomas Ender
Federaun in the Gail Valley
c. 1840
Art movement
Graphic work
Watercolor on paper
27.3×37.8 cm
Signed and designated lower left: Federaun i. Gailthale Th. Ender
Credit line
Leopold Museum, Vienna, Inv. 2284
Inventory access
Contributed to the Leopold Museum-Privatstiftung in 1994
Selection of Reference works
  • Meisterwerke Leopold Museum, hrsg. von Hans-Peter Wipplinger, Köln 2018.
  • Verborgene Schätze der österreichischen Aquarellmalerei, hrsg. von Rudolf Leopold/Franz Smola, Wien 2010 (Ausst.-Kat. Leopold Museum, Wien 05.03.2010-24.05.2010).
  • Leopold Museum Wien. Österreichische Kunst des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts, hrsg. von Leopold Museum-Privatstiftung, München u.a. 2008.
  • Leopold. Meisterwerke aus dem Leopold Museum Wien, hrsg. von Rudolf Leopold und Romana Schuler, Köln u.a. 2001.

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Provenance research
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