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Hermann Schwarzwald II, 1916

Leopold Museum,
Vienna © Fondation Oskar Kokoschka/Bildrecht,
Vienna 2022
Oil on canvas
79.5×63.2×2 cm


  • Oskar Kokoschka

    (Pöchlarn 1886–1980 Montreux)

Currently on display at OG3
Hermann Schwarzwald (1871–1939), who was portrayed by Oskar Kokoschka (1886–1980) in 1911 and 1916, was an important protagonist of Vienna’s political, economic and cultural life. Schwarzwald’s apartment at Josefstädter Straße 68, which was designed by Adolf Loos (1870–1933), became a meeting place of the city’s intellectuals. This was owed not least to his wife Eugenie Schwarzwald (1872–1940): The progressive educator and women’s rights activist headed the secondary school for girls on Franziskanerplatz from 1901, where she employed the most ground-breaking thinkers of the period, including Egon Wellesz (1885–1974), Loos and Kokoschka, who started working as a drawing teacher at the school in 1911. As in many of his portraits created around this time, Kokoschka emphasized the depicted’s hands and face – the most expressive parts of the body. With his special technique, consisting of a transparent paint application, impasto and scratches, he intended to uncover his models’ deepest depths and to capture them on canvas.


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Object data

  • Oskar Kokoschka
Hermann Schwarzwald II
Art movement
Oil on canvas
79.5×63.2×2 cm
Signed and dated lower left: 1916 OK
Credit line of the permanent loan
Collection Broere Charitable Foundation
Selection of Reference works
  • Wien 1900. Aufbruch in die Moderne, hrsg. von Hans-Peter Wipplinger, Wien 2019 (Ausst.-Kat. Leopold Museum, Wien, ab 15.03.2019).
  • Oskar Kokoschka. Expressionist, Migrant, Europäer, hrsg. von Cathérine Hug/Heike Eipeldauer, Heidelberg 2018 (Ausst.-Kat. Kunsthaus Zürich, 14.12.2018–10.03.2019; Leopold Museum, Wien, 06.04.2019–08.07.2019).
  • Kokoschka. Das Ich im Brennpunkt, hrsg. von Tobias G. Natter/Franz Smola, Wien 2013 (Ausst. Kat. Leopold Museum, Wien, 04.10.2013–27.01.2014).
  • Die nackte Wahrheit. Klimt, Schiele, Kokoschka und andere Skandale, hrsg. von Tobias G. Natter/Max Hollein, München 2005 (Ausst.-Kat. Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt, 28.01.2005-24.01.2005; Leopold Museum, Wien, 31.05.2005-22.08.2005).
  • Johann Winkler/Katharina Erling: Oskar Kokoschka. Die Gemälde 1906–1929, Salzburg 1995.
  • Fondation Oskar Kokoschka, Werkkatalog der Gemälde von Oskar Kokoschka,
Catalogue raisonne
  • Winkler/Erling 1995: 117
  • 1916/2

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Provenance research
Leopold Museum i

Galerie Georg Caspari, München (1916);
Henri und Adele Falk, Mannheim (1917);
Kunstsalon Paul Cassirer, Berlin (11.04.1918, über Hugo Helbing, München);
Eugène de Garvens-Garvensburg, Hannover (01.10.1918);
Kunstsalon Paul Cassirer, Berlin (05.02.1926, mit Galerie M. Goldschmidt & Co., Frankfurt);
Hermann Lange, Krefeld (16.12.1926-1942);
Maria Lange, Krefeld (1942-1958);
Marlborough Fine Art, London (1969)
Mario Altamirano und Familie, Caracas (ab 1969-2011)
Auktion: 09.02.2011, Christie’s London, Impressionist/Modern Evening Sale (Sale 7951), Los Nr. 41;
Sammlung Broere Foundation, Monaco (seit 2011); (1)

  1. Online-Werkverzeichnis der Fondation Oskar Kokoschka (30.11.2021):
    Christie´s Online-Datenbank (30.11.2021):

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