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Bacchanal, c. 1865

Leopold Museum,
Oil study on cardboard
22.5×71 cm


  • Hans Makart

    (Salzburg 1840–1884 Vienna)

Currently on display at OG4
Hans Makart (1840–1884) is considered one of the most famous painters of Historicism, who shaped the period known as “Ringstrasse era” in Vienna unlike any other artist. Having attended the preparatory class for painting at the Vienna Academy during the summer semester of 1858, the Salzburg-born painter turned his back on the capital and residential city, as he was disappointed with the Academy’s teaching methods. It wasn’t until he entered Karl von Piloty’s (1826–1886) class at the Munich Academy that Makart embarked on a path towards oil painting. Under the aegis of this “innovator of German history painting”, as Piloty was called, Makart was able to develop his coloristic talent. Early on, he developed a penchant for large-scale formats. The small oil study Bacchanal, measuring only 22.5 x 71 centimeters, was likely created shortly before Makart left Piloty’s studio in 1866. The lunette-shaped format suggests that it was executed in connection with a commission for a wall decoration.

Object data

c. 1865
Art movement
Oil study on cardboard
22.5×71 cm
Credit line
Leopold Museum, Vienna, Inv. 3980
Inventory access
Contributed to the Leopold Museum-Privatstiftung in 1994
Selection of Reference works
  • Wien 1900. Aufbruch in die Moderne, hrsg. von Hans-Peter Wipplinger, Wien 2019 (Ausst.-Kat. Leopold Museum, Wien, ab 15.03.2019).
  • Gerbert Frodl: Hans Makart. Werkverzeichnis der Gemälde, hrsg. von Agnes Husslein-Arco, Weitra 2013.
  • Gerbert Frodl: Hans Makart. Monographie und Werkverzeichnis, Salzburg 1974.
Catalogue raisonne
  • Frodl 1974: 78/1
  • Frodl 2013: 78/1

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Provenance research
Leopold Museum i

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