Herbert Boeckl (1894–1966) is one of Austria’s most important artists of the 20th century. His early paintings are characterized by an intense exploration of French Modernism, especially the oeuvre of Paul Cézanne (1839–1906). Before World War I, the Carinthian artist studied architecture in Vienna and participated in his first exhibitions as a graphic artist. Financially supported by art dealer Gustav Nebehay (1881–1935), Boeckl traveled to Berlin, Paris and Sicily in the early 1920s. Boeckl and his family spent six months in Sicily from November 1923. They stayed at the Palazzo Valguarnera-Gangi in Palermo. The Large Sicilian Landscape of 1924 depicts the quarry of Bagheria near Palermo, where Boeckl painted together with the Swiss painters Edwin Hunziker (1901–1986) and Max Gubler (1898–1973). The motif once again recalls his idol Paul Cézanne.